2020 156-315.80최고품질덤프문제 & 156-315.80최신인증시험 - Check Point Certified Security Expert - R80최고품질덤프샘플문제 - Skincare5000

This the first of our four 156-315.80 practice exams. These questions are designed to help you prepare for your Check Point Certified Security Expert - R80 certification exam. There are 48 challenging questions on this practice test covering a wide range of topics. It is based on the 156-315.80 Guide 6th Edition. Start your test prep right now with our free 156-315.80 practice exam!

Skincare5000의CheckPoint인증 156-315.80덤프로 시험을 한방에 통과하여 승진이나 연봉인상에 도움되는 자격증을 취득합시다, 하지만 문제는CheckPoint 156-315.80시험패스하기가 너무 힘듭니다, CheckPoint 156-315.80 최고품질 덤프문제 친절한 한국어 서비스로 고객님의 문의점을 풀어드립니다, CheckPoint 156-315.80 최고품질 덤프문제 국제승인을 받는 IT인증자격증을 많이 취득하시면 취직이든 승진이든 이직이든 모든 면에서 이득을 볼수 있습니다, 인지도 높은 원인은CheckPoint인증 156-315.80덤프의 시험적중율이 높고 가격이 친근하고 구매후 서비스가 끝내주기 때문입니다, CheckPoint인증 156-315.80덤프는 IT업종에 몇십년간 종사한 IT전문가가 실제 시험문제를 연구하여 제작한 고품질 공부자료로서 시험패스율이 장난 아닙니다.

그가 무표정한 얼굴로 허공을 응시하고 있었다, 비비안은 그가 이끄는 대로C1000-085최고품질 덤프샘플문제나가 계단 앞에 놓인 벤치에 앉았다, 왜 그렇게 긴장하고 그래요, 미, 미, 미쳤어요, 전 그냥, 어차피 저녁 혼자 먹어야 되니까 별 생각 없이.

좁은 통로를 앞서면서 사도후가 말했다, 잘생기면 다 오빠야, 졸지에 상황이 뒤156-315.80최고품질 덤프문제바뀌었다, 현묘권이 다시 힘을 발휘하기 시작했다, 문을 연 은홍은 더 나아갈 필요가 없었다, 가만히 그 모습을 지켜보던 소호가 지지 않고 울컥 성을 냈다.

칼 세 개가 한 곳에서 맞부딪친다, 내가 소심하게 말하자, 놀란 얼굴을 하던 여자가156-315.80최신 덤프데모 다운퍼뜩 정신을 차린 듯 애매하게 웃었다, 특유의 은빛 머리카락이 반짝반짝 빛나는 한, 별관은 반대 방향이니까, 분위기를 좀 바꿔보려는 듯 경서가 일부러 밝은 목소리로 물었다.

고은이 봉투를 다시 유 회장 책상에 올려놓았다, 문제는 사진여에게 그만한 내156-315.80 100%시험패스 자료공이 있는가였다, 혹여 다른 여인을 만나고 계신 건 아니겠습니까, 하마터면 부딪힐 뻔했던 상황을 가까스로 피한 태성은 의자에 등을 기대며 팔짱을 꼈다.

한참 독서 삼매경에 빠졌던 정윤은 쓱 자리에서 일어섰다, 그래도 나는 너한AWS-DevOps최신 인증시험테 빠졌을 거야, 그저 샤워하는 데 불편할까 봐 도와주겠다는 것이었다, 저는 노월이가 둔갑하고 거기 앉아 있는 줄 알았다니까요, 조, 좋아한다고요.

나도 물건이나 부품을 구매할 때는 성능, 출력을 세세하게 따져보는 편이라서, https://testinsides.itcertkr.com/156-315.80_exam.html칼라일은 시종일관 감흥 없는 표정으로 오페라를 감상하고 있었다, 기대도 안 해요, 둘이 무슨 얘기를 하는지도 긴장한 은채의 귀에는 제대로 들리지 않았다.

최근 인기시험 156-315.80 최고품질 덤프문제 덤프공부

그저 묵묵히 그녀의 옆을 지켜 줄 뿐이었다, 그리고 그런 둘 중 어디의 손도 들어156-315.80응시자료주지 않는 중도 세력이 존재했다, 떡 줄 사람은 생각도 않는데, 김칫국부터 마신 거 아닌가, 선배, 식사하셨어요, 붉은 입술이 낭창하게 늘어지며 그리던 곡선을 말이다.

배수옥의 말끝에 설핏 물기가 비치기 시작했다, 원진의 손이 유영의 허리156-315.80시험덤프공부에 머물다가 천천히 아래로 미끄러졌다, 빠르게 차에서 내려 병원으로 들어가는 이준의 뒷모습에서 초조함이 잔뜩 묻어났다, 힘든 날은 있었지만.

그러자 그의 곁으로 멈춰선 군용차, 아직 자고 있어, 빨리 골라주세요, 그러나 재까닥156-315.80최고품질 덤프문제그 자리를 벗어나지 않은 것은 처소로 돌아가도 딱히 할 일이 없었기 때문이었다, 사활을 건 프로젝트니까요, 맛있게 먹는 유영을 보며 원진이 흐뭇하게 웃고 있을 때였다.

아직도 다 못했느냐, 꽃잎을 바닥에 던지고 사랑하는 만큼 주우라고 했던156-315.80최고덤프자료것 기억하고, 방 안에 홀로 남은 당문추는 한쪽에 걸어 두었던 장포를 몸에 걸쳤다, 이파의 손을 지그시 누르던 손이 흘러내리듯 떨어져 내렸다.

거울이 비친 몰골이 엉망이었다, 귓가에 스며드는 웃음기 어린 나직한 음성마저 눈156-315.80인기문제모음물 날만큼 감미롭다, 내가 왜 이럴 것 같아, 아가 내 아기가 울고 있다, 진하도 초조함을 참지 못하고 계화를 다그쳤다, 소 형사가 엄지를 치켜들었다.거짓말.

나는 안 떨어, 그 발걸음이 어쩐지 무겁게 떨어졌고, 온통 굳은살이 베긴 것156-315.80최고품질 덤프문제처럼 딱딱했던 마음이 녹아서, 부드럽고 말랑말랑해진 것 같았다, 아리아라고 부르시면 됩니다, 지원은 무엇보다 적당한 조명의 밝기가 마음에 든다고 했다.

내려달라거여, 윤소는 빠르게 업무용 미소를 지으며 물었다, 좋아하는 사람을156-315.80최고품질 덤프문제만나기라도 한 듯, 수줍은 미소를 짓고 있는 그녀가 부끄럽게 눈빛을 건넨 사람은 다름 아닌, 명석이었다, 그 정도로 별 볼 일 없는 애라는 거겠지.

잠시도 가만히 있지 못하는 성격이 지금도 고스란히 드러나고 있었다.


A
Since this is only a probability it does not need an immediate action. Just try to gather more information as the project goes ahead and decide later on.
B
As a seasoned construction project manager, contact the regulatory body to find out some workarounds for your project.
C
This requires a scope change notification that should be written immediately.
D
Your first and immediate action is to disclose your discovery to the project stakeholders and solicit their viewpoints.
Question 1 Explanation: 
CheckPoint's Code of Ethics requires all project managers to comply with all laws and regulations. Failure to immediately and actively disclose that a regulatory requirement has not been addressed puts the company and the project manager in the position of breaking the law.
Question 2
You are managing a project with 9 stakeholders. At points you get confused with the amount of emails and other communications that you need to respond to every day. How many communication channels do you need to plan?

A
40
B
100
C
45
D
90
Question 2 Explanation: 
The formula to identify the number of communication channels is:

n(n − 1)/2, where n is the number of stakeholders including yourself.

In your project, 10(10 − 1)/2 = 45.
Question 3
You are managing a software development project which should be completed in 18 months according to the project contract and schedule. Your customer has recently faced regulatory changes that require your project to be finished 2 months earlier and he asks you to do so. How will you approach this situation?

A
Stick to your original schedule and tell the customer that once the contract is signed the project duration won’t change under any circumstances.
B
Accept the customer’s request and cut parts of the project scope to meet the new deadline.
C
Inform the customer of the impacts of his requirement to project constraints and, after getting the required approvals, crash the project.
D
Cut the duration of all project activities across the board to meet the requirement.
Question 3 Explanation: 
Informing the customer of the impacts to project scope and other constraints, then crashing the cost and schedule is the best approach. Arbitrarily trimming estimates or scope without directly advising your customer is dishonest, while simply refusing to make a change is unprofessional.
Question 4
According to the contract, your customer has assigned one of his staff to your project office to attend the meetings and contribute to the decision making. However, this person is too confrontational and his behavior to your project team members is intimidating. What should be your action in this situation?

A
Confront the person about his behavior and its impact on the project. Also, inform the customer about the issue.
B
Ask the customer to replace the person.
C
Since the person is assigned by your client you don’t have any authority over him, so don’t do anything.
D
You unilaterally decide to isolate the person and don’t let him in the project meetings.
Question 4 Explanation: 
The best approach to deal with the problems is to confront them. In this situation you should respectfully confront the resource about this behavior, and notify the customer about the situation. Failing to confront the resource or intentionally excluding a required resource from a project is unprofessional, and could negatively impact the project.
Question 5
The majority of the project management software applications use the --------- method to build the project schedule network diagram.

A
Precedence Diagramming
B
Activity-On-Arrows Diagramming
C
Leads and Lags
D
Critical Diagramming
Question 5 Explanation: 
PDM, also called Activity-On-Node (AON), is the method used by most project management and project planning software packages.
Question 6
If the completion of an activity depends on the completion of its predecessor activity, what type of dependency does this activity have on its predecessor?

A
Start-to-Finish
B
Finish-to-Finish
C
Start-to-Start
D
Finish-to-Start
Question 6 Explanation: 
In a Finish-to-Finish (FF) dependency the finish date of one task drives the finish date of another. In other words, both activities finish at the same time regardless of their start time.
Question 7
To formally authorize the project, which of the following documents is necessary?

A
Business Case
B
Project Charter
C
Project Contract
D
Project Statement of Work (SOW)
Question 7 Explanation: 
The project charter is the document that officially authorizes a project and gives the project manager the required authority to assign resources to the project.
Question 8
As a project manager you realize that there is a continuous conflict between two of the project team members. What is the best approach to handle these conflicts?

A
It’s suggested to handle conflicts in the team meetings so that everybody in the project team learns from them.
B
Conflicts are harmful to the project's progress, therefore you need to smooth them when they happen.
C
The best approach is to address the conflicts immediately and in a direct way involving both members, but preferably in private.
D
The best approach is to ignore conflicts because they are common and unavoidable in all of the projects.
Question 8 Explanation: 
Smoothing and ignoring conflicts are passive methods of approaching them and usually not as productive as directly addressing the conflict. Raising a conflict which is between only 2 people in a meeting is not the best way. The best way is to address such issues as early as possible and in a direct and private way. This approach is also known as collaboration or problem-solving.
Question 9
You are a project manager and you are about to perform the risk management processes. Which one of the following documents evolves throughout the risk management processes?

A
Risk Register
B
Risk Mitigation Plan
C
Contingency Plan
D
Risk Profile
Question 9 Explanation: 
The risk register is the document that evolves throughout the risk management processes.
Question 10
As a project manager you are performing scope management processes. What is the function of the WBS Dictionary?

A
Describes the details of each component in the project WBS
B
Used as a glossary to define the acronyms used in the project WBS
C
It is used for the planning of the project resources
D
Used as a glossary to define the acronyms used in the project scope statement
Question 10 Explanation: 
The WBS Dictionary is a detailed description of work packages and their attributes including any technical documentation for each WBS element.
Question 11
As the manager of a large project, you are performing the Control Procurements process. Which one of the following are not considered as tools and techniques of this process?

A
Claims Administration
B
Negotiation
C
Inspection
D
Audits
Question 11 Explanation: 
Negotiation is a tool used in the Conduct Procurements process. The other answer choices are the tools and techniques of the Control Procurements process.
Question 12
Some projects have a comprehensive procurement phase that covers buying a huge number of items and for each item several suppliers are contacted to receive their bids. As a project manager in such projects, you need to make sure that every supplier has a clear understanding of the requirements of the project. Which one of the following techniques could be used for this purpose?

A
Communication Matrix
B
One-on-One discussion
C
Bidder Conferences
D
Formal Presentation
Question 12 Explanation: 
Bidder Conferences (also called vendor conferences, contractor conferences, or pre-bid conferences) are meetings between buyers and all prospective sellers prior to the submittal of bids or proposals. They are used to ensure that all sellers have a clear and common understanding of the procurement and that no bidders receive preferential treatment. Responses to questions are incorporated as procurement document amendments. To be fair, buyers must ensure that all sellers hear every question from individual sellers and every answer from the buyer.
Question 13
Following are the parameters estimated in the Earned Value analysis of a project:

  • Actual Cost: $2,000,000
  • Cost Variance: $-200,000
  • SPI: 1.1
  • Budget at Completion (BaC): $5,200,000

What is the Earned Value of the project?

A
$5,200,000
B
$1,800,000
C
$3,200,000
D
$2,200,000
Question 13 Explanation: 
Cost Variance (CV) = Earned Value (EV) − Actual Cost (AC)

−200,000 = EV − 2,000,000

EV = 1,800,000
Question 14
As the project manager you are reviewing the earned value analysis report performed by your team. The SPI is 0.87. What does this figure mean to you?

A
The project is getting 87 cents out of each dollar spent.
B
Your project is running according to the budget.
C
The progress of your project is only 87% of what it is planned, so you are behind the schedule.
D
You are ahead of schedule.
Question 14 Explanation: 
The Schedule Performance Index (SPI) is a measure of the project performance in terms of the time schedule. SPI < 1 shows that the project is behind schedule.
Question 15
As the project manager you wish to use a document that shows the work assigned to each project team member. What’s the title of the document that you will use?

A
Project Resources Matrix (PRM)
B
Project Schedule
C
Resource Planning Chart (RPC)
D
Responsibility Assignment Matrix (RAM)
Question 15 Explanation: 
A Responsibility Assignment Matrix (RAM) illustrates association between work packages/activities and team members. It makes it easy for team members to view all the project activities for which a particular person is assigned, and the level of their responsibility.
Question 16
You are managing a project in a highly cost sensitive company. Therefore, you need to reduce the costs to the extent possible. Which one of the following categories of cost would you consider as the first option for cost reduction?

A
Indirect and direct costs
B
Direct and variable costs
C
Indirect and variable costs
D
Variable and fixed costs
Question 16 Explanation: 
Direct costs belong to project resources which can be scaled down or reduced. Variable costs depend on the amount of work performed by resources. Therefore, there is a higher opportunity to reduce it by reducing the scope and amount of work required.
Question 17
Budget forecasts are created during which of the following project management process groups?

A
Planning
B
Executing
C
Monitoring & Controlling
D
Initiating
Question 17 Explanation: 
Budget forecasts are one of the outputs of the Control Costs process which is in Monitoring & Controlling.
Question 18
As a project manager you are involved in purchasing various items for the project. However, you suddenly receive an official letter from your client ordering the immediate termination of the project. What will be your best course of action?

A
Release the Project Team
B
Perform Procurement Audits
C
Perform Inspections & Audits
D
Refer to Project Closure Guidelines in Organizational Process Assets
Question 18 Explanation: 
Since this is a case of project closure before its completion, as a project manager the BEST thing to do for you is to make sure the steps to close a project are followed. Project Closure Guidelines in Organizational Process Assets are the best source of information in such a situation.
Question 19
Which of the following is not a tool and technique of the Collect Requirements process?

A
Inspection
B
Facilitation
C
Prototypes
D
Questionnaires & Surveys
Question 19 Explanation: 
Inspection is a tool and technique for the Validate Scope process while the other options are all the tools used for the Collect Requirements process.
Question 20
In an industrial project the equipment installation can be started 15 days after the equipment foundation is completed. What type of dependency is this?

A
Finish-to-start with a 15-day lag
B
Finish-to-finish with a 15-day lag
C
Start-to-finish with a 15-day lead
D
Finish-to-start with a 15-day lead
Question 20 Explanation: 
The dependency between the two activities is a Finish-to-Start (FS) type because the second activity can start only after the completion of the first one. There is also a time lag of 15 days before the second activity can start.
Question 21
According to Tuckman, which of the following is not one of the stages of team development?

A
Norming
B
Delegating
C
Forming
D
Performing
Question 21 Explanation: 
According to Tuckman, the stages of team development are Forming, Storming, Norming, Performing, and Adjourning.
Question 22
You are reviewing the earned value analysis of your project and you see following information:

  • Earned Value = $500,000
  • Actual Cost = $550,000
  • Planned Value = $600,000
According to this information what is the status of your project?

A
Behind schedule and under budget
B
Ahead of schedule and over budget
C
Ahead of schedule and under budget
D
Behind schedule and over budget
Question 22 Explanation: 
SV = EV − PV
SV = 500,000 − 600,000
SV = $−100,000
Since SV is negative the project is behind schedule.

CV = EV − AC
CV = 500,000 − 550,000
CV = $−50,000
Since CV is negative the project is over budget.
Question 23
Which of these is an output from the Acquire Resources process?

A
Staffing Management Plan
B
Organizational chart
C
RAM
D
Project team assignments
Question 23 Explanation: 
After determining elements such as the roles and responsibilities, reviewing recruitment practices, and negotiating for staff, project team members are assigned to project activities as part of the Acquire Resources process.
Question 24
Which one of the following is not an input to the Develop Project Charter process?

A
Stakeholders Register
B
Organizational Process Assets
C
Agreements
D
Business Case
Question 24 Explanation: 
Inputs of the Develop Project Charter process are:

  • Business Case
  • Agreements
  • Enterprise Environmental Factors
  • Organizational Process Assets
Question 25
Which one of the following is not an output of the Direct & Manage Project Work process?

A
Deliverables
B
Change Requests
C
Work Performance Reports
D
Project document updates
Question 25 Explanation: 
Work Performance reports are an output of the Monitor and Control Project Work process while the outputs of the Direct & Manage Project Work process are:

  • Deliverables
  • Work Performance data
  • Issue log
  • Change requests
  • Project management plan updates
  • Project document updates
  • Organizational process assets updates
Question 26
As a project manager involved in the Control Procurements process you are aware that early termination of a contract is a special case of procurement closure. The special cases of procurement closure can result from all of the following except?

A
Mutual agreement of both parties to terminate
B
Cause or convenience outside the terminations clause of the contract
C
Convenience of the buyer provided in the contract
D
Default of one party
Question 26 Explanation: 
Early termination of a contract is a special case of procurement closure that can result from a mutual agreement of both parties, from the default of one party, or for the convenience of the buyer if provided for in the contract. The rights and responsibilities of the parties in the event of an early termination are contained in a terminations clause of the contract.
Question 27
The cost baseline is developed during which process?

A
Estimate costs
B
Develop schedule
C
Monitor & control project work
D
Determine budget
Question 27 Explanation: 
The cost baseline or project budget is developed in the Determine Budget process which is a planning process in project cost management.
Question 28
Which statement about the project critical path is true?

A
The critical path has zero total float and it shows the earliest possible time to complete the project
B
The critical path consumes the biggest portion of the project budget compared to other paths
C
A project can have only one critical path
D
The critical path has zero or negative total float
Question 28 Explanation: 
The critical path can have negative total float in the case that there is a constraint set on the project finish date.
Question 29
While acquiring your project team you realize that according to the project charter a specific consultant is required to be on your team. This consultant has particular knowledge and your client has dictated that you hire him as a team member. This situation describes which one of the tools and techniques of the Acquire Resources process?

A
Virtual Teams
B
Multicriteria Decision Analysis
C
Pre-Assignment
D
Negotiation
Question 29 Explanation: 
Pre-assignment involves selecting project team members in advance. It occurs when specific people were promised as part of the project proposal, the project is dependent on expertise of particular persons, or staff assignments are defined within the project charter.
Question 30
You are assigned as the manager of a huge multi-billion dollar infrastructure project with a time span of 3 years. You are working in the planning process group of your project and currently you are creating the project WBS. Due to lack of information you decide to create the WBS of the commissioning phase of the project (which is the last phase) in more details later on when you have more information. This approach to creating the WBS is also known as:

A
Rolling wave planning
B
Agile planning
C
Progressive planning
D
Water fall planning
Question 30 Explanation: 
Rolling wave planning involves planning near-term items in greater detail than those that are further off in time.
Question 31
Your project is 4 weeks behind schedule and you have been asked to crash the project in order to make up the lost time. The tasks listed in the table below are all on the critical path. Which of the tasks below would you crash?

PMP T1

A
Task A
B
Tasks C & E
C
Tasks D & E & F
D
Tasks B & D
Question 31 Explanation: 
When crashing a project you will always crash those tasks that have the smallest crash cost. While all of these answers will give you a 4 week reduction in duration, crashing tasks C & E is the cheapest option:

Task A = 6,500
Tasks C & E = 2,000 + 3,500 = 5,500
Tasks B & D = 2,500 + 3,500 = 6,000
Tasks D & E & F = 3,500 + 3,500 + 4,000 = 11,000
Question 32
You are managing a project and one of your close friends is also a manager at the client organization. During the project execution, your friend asks for changes to be made in the project scope, and with the reasoning that the changes are critical to the success of the project, he asks you to handle them on an informal basis. He argues that if you want to follow the normal change procedures you will lose considerable time. What should you do in this situation?

A
Perform the changes according to the manager’s request because they are crucial to the project success, but document them later on when the project is on track and there are no more changes to be made.
B
Since what the manager has asked you is unethical you should refuse the changes.
C
Explain to the manager that the change should be handled through the formal change management process and it should be documented.
D
Comply with the manager’s request since it is critical to the project success.
Question 32 Explanation: 
The correct response is that you would explain to the manager that you would need to formally document these as part of a project scope change and put it through the change management process. Complying with the manager's request is incorrect and violates the code of ethics and professional responsibility that you have towards your organization. Refusing to take up the changes may be too drastic a step.
Question 33
As a project manager you are using a fishbone diagram to find the potential risks on your project. Which process are you in?

A
Control Quality
B
Plan Risk Response
C
Identify Risk
D
Perform Qualitative Risk Analysis
Question 33 Explanation: 
A fishbone diagram (also called cause and effect analysis or Ishikawa diagram) is used in the Identify Risks process to determine the potential risks that might affect the project.
Question 34
As a project manager you are currently involved in a Close Project or Phase process. In this situation which one of the following activities would be your lowest priority?

A
Measuring the project scope against the project management plan.
B
Finalizing all activities across all of the Project Management Process Groups.
C
If a project is terminated before completion, starting procedures to investigate and document the reasons for this early termination.
D
Performing activities such as finalizing open claims, updating records to reflect final results, and archiving such information for future use.
Question 34 Explanation: 
Closing out a contract involves administrative activities such as finalizing open claims, updating records to reflect final results, and archiving such information for future use. Procurement Close could be done at any stage of the project and is not associated only with Close Project or Phase process.
Question 35
You are the construction project manager of an important stadium which is going to be used for the Winter Olympics. The games start a month from now, and your project has faced some weather delays in pouring the concrete for the landscaping. You know that bad weather might affect the quality of the concrete, however since the deadline is closing you decide to not delay the project anymore and go ahead with the remaining concrete work. Which risk strategy are you undertaking?

A
Mitigate
B
Accept
C
Exploit
D
Transfer
Question 35 Explanation: 
In this situation your are taking the Acceptance strategy. Acceptance is adopted when there is no possibility to eliminate all threats from a project. This means the project team has decided not to change the project management plan to deal with a risk or is unable to identify a response strategy. This strategy can be active or passive acceptance. Passive Acceptance: No action except documenting the strategy and leave project team to deal with the risks as they occur. Active Acceptance: Establish a contingency reserve (time/money/resources).
Question 36
As a software project manager you are in the initial stages of the project. Based on your past experience you know that the project will face a lot of challenges in terms of budget and time schedule. In which of the following project management documents would you record these challenges?

A
Project Risk Register
B
Project Charter
C
Issue Log
D
Project Management Plan
Question 36 Explanation: 
Since you are in the initial stage of the project the risks should be recorded in the project charter. However, if the project has completed the initiation stage, the risks should be recorded in the risk register as part of the project management plan.
Question 37
Tom is managing a software development project in a large IT firm. According to the project essential requirements, he has written an email to one of the functional managers and requested a number of staff to be assigned to his project on a permanent basis for a 2-week period. The functional manager has rejected Tom’s request. What should Tom do in this situation?

A
Raise the issue to higher level managers who can decide on project priorities
B
Negotiate with the functional manager
C
Change the sequence of activities so that he can cope with the resource limitations
D
Record this as a risk in the risk register
Question 37 Explanation: 
Tom as the project manager has the ultimate responsibility of acquiring the resources on time. In this situation he should use the negotiation tools and techniques to acquire the project team. Of course other items might also be correct in some situations, but the first most responsible way is to do negotiation with the functional managers.
Question 38
You are managing a residential building construction project. Your client has just requested a change in the lighting system which may increase project risk and costs. What should be your first action?

A
Analyze the impacts of the change
B
Update the project risk register
C
Issue a Change Request
D
Raise the issue to the project sponsor
Question 38 Explanation: 
The first action after receiving any change request is to analyze the impacts. Then after comparing the impacts to the plan you may need to issue a change request to modify the project scope. Raising the issue to the project sponsor is also possible once you are aware of the impacts of the change.
Question 39
For the purpose of recording project lessons learned, you are analyzing the major delay in the project schedule. The root cause of the delay was a demonstration done by a group of green initiative supporters. They were unhappy because their representatives were not informed about all of the arrangements that you are taking to protect the environment. What could you and your team have done better to prevent this from happening?

A
A more accurate risk response planning
B
A clearer communication management plan
C
A better project management plan
D
A more accurate stakeholder identification
Question 39 Explanation: 
Identifying stakeholders and understanding their relative degree of influence on a project is critical. Failure to do so can extend the timeline and raise costs substantially. An important part of a project manager's responsibility is to manage stakeholder expectations and develop a strategy to keep them satisfied.
Question 40
In the Plan Quality Management process, which of the following is not attributable to the cost of non-conformance?

A
Quality measures
B
Rework
C
Downtime
D
Warranty
Question 40 Explanation: 
Quality measures are not an attribute of the cost of non-conformance. The cost of non-conformance result in some kind of a loss or rejection of the project’s output.
Question 41
Categorizing identified stakeholders can assist the project team in building valuable relationships with these stakeholders as the project progresses. All of the following techniques are useful for this purpose except for

A
Stakeholder cube
B
Salience model
C
Stakeholder engagement assessment matrix (SEAM)
D
Power/Interest grid
Question 41 Explanation: 
Stakeholder cube, the Salience model, and the Power/Interest grid are stakeholder mapping and categorization techniques and are used in the Identify Stakeholders process. Stakeholder engagement assessment matrix allows the team to analyze the variance between what the existing and desired engagement levels of the stakeholders are and is used in Plan Stakeholder Engagement.
Question 42
You are managing an IT project and until today you have actually completed $470,000 of work, but based on the cost plan, it should be $560,000. What is the Schedule Variance (SV) percentage at this point in time?

A
−19%
B
−16%
C
19%
D
16%
Question 42 Explanation: 
SV% = (EV − PV) / PV
SV% = ($470,000 − $560,000) / $560,000
SV% = −16%
Question 43
You are managing a small project in the context of a large organization. A strategic decision made in the organization was to shut down one of the operation units which was supposed to work a few days for your project. This might lead to missing a major milestone in your project so you need to do the required planning to acquire outside resources to get your project activity done. Which tools and techniques of the Plan Risk Response process will help you in this situation?

A
Strategies for negative risks or threats
B
Strategies for positive risks or opportunities
C
Contingent response strategies
D
Risk Reassessment
Question 43 Explanation: 
This is the situation where the risk response happens after the trigger which is the sudden shut down of an operational unit in the company. Some responses are designed to use only if a specific event occurs. It is appropriate for the project team to make a response plan that will be executed only under certain predefined conditions (triggers like missing intermediate milestones). The risk response occurs BEFORE the risk and tries to alter the probability and/or impact while the contingency plan only occurs AFTER the trigger (usually the risk event) and focuses only on changing the impact.
Question 44
You're managing a project with a total budget of $1,000,000 and your project is expected to last for one year, with the work and budget spread evenly across all months. The project is now in the fifth month, the work is on schedule, and you have already spent $480,000 of the project budget. What is the Cost Variance in this case?

A
$63,333
B
$20,000
C
−$20,000
D
−$63,333
Question 44 Explanation: 
Cost Variance = Earn Value − Actual Cost

Earn Value = (Total Cost / Total Project Months) * Total Months Completed
Earn Value = ($1,000,000 / 12) * 5
Earn Value = 416,667

CV = 416,667 − $480,000
CV = −$63,333.
Question 45
You are a software development project manager and most of your team members operate from remote locations without the benefit of face-to-face contact. One of your major concerns is to build trust among the team members. Which of the following will help you the most in doing so?

A
Establishing Ground Rules
B
Training
C
Co-Location
D
Team-building activities
Question 45 Explanation: 
Team Building activities help develop trust and help establish good working relationships. Ongoing communications are a part of Team Building Activities. It is a tool used in Develop Team. Especially when the teams become remote, the importance of ongoing communication increases in building trust among the team members.
Question 46
You are managing an airport construction company. In the middle of the project you realize that one of the subcontractors is not meeting the quality requirements as stipulated in their contract. This is a risk that may result in the final product of the project being rejected by your client. What is your first course of action?

A
Perform claim administration
B
Raise the risk to the Sponsor
C
Initiate a change request
D
Perform inspection & audit
Question 46 Explanation: 
According to the PMBOK® Guide (6th Edition), inspections and audits required by the buyer and supported by the seller as specified in the procurement contract can be conducted during execution of the project to verify compliance in the seller's work processes or deliverable. If authorized by contract, some inspection and audit teams can include buyer procurement personnel.
Question 47
You are in charge of performing the financial analysis for a troubled project in your company. The project is currently on hold and based on the results of your work, top management will decide on continuing or dropping the project. Which category of costs should you not consider in your analysis?

A
Indirect costs
B
Sunk Costs
C
Fixed Costs
D
Variable Costs
Question 47 Explanation: 
Sunk costs are the costs that are expended in the past. Sunk costs should not be considered when deciding on continuing a project.
Question 48
As a project manager in a large organization with various projects similar to yours, you are responsible to report the project status to the top management in a way that quickly and easily gives them the required information. Which one of the following is the best type of report to provide the required information to senior management?

A
Project management plans
B
Gantt Charts
C
Milestone reports
D
Project detailed schedules
Question 48 Explanation: 
The only report that best suits to the needs of senior management is the milestone report. The rest of the mentioned documents include a lot of redundant or detailed information for this purpose.
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